The plan worked. Dean came in third place in the Democratic Iowa caucuses, and after delivering his infamous “scream” speech in Des Moines, the campaign was widely regarded as dead in the water. Dean dropped out of the race a few weeks later, and the group was largely credited for the defeat.
Despite calls for the organization to disclose its funding base before the election, Americans for Jobs, Health Care & Progressive Values kept its word and only made the information public once it was required by law in February 2004.
Gibbs did not immediately return a request for comment.
Jon Ward contributed to this report.