France Warned The US In 2015 About The Wuhan Lab It Helped Build, Former COVID-19 Investigator Claims

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Eleanor Bartow Investigative Editor
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  • In 2015, French intelligence officials warned the U.S. State Department that China was cutting back on agreed collaboration at the Wuhan Institute of Virology, a former State Department official told the Daily Caller News Foundation.
  • France provided the lab’s design, much of its technology, and biosafety training, a State Department cable reported in 2018. 
  • The French government and public and private French scientific organizations gave their support to constructing the lab, the prime minister of France said at the lab’s accreditation ceremony in February 2017.
  • French security and defense experts did not support sharing the sensitive technology, according to the French newspaper Le Figaro.

The U.S. federal government should have stopped funding research at the Wuhan Institute of Virology in 2015 when China reduced its cooperation with the French in building and operating the lab, according to the leader of an investigation into COVID-19’s origins by the State Department under the Trump administration.

In 2015, French intelligence officials warned the U.S. State Department and their own foreign ministry that China was cutting back on agreed collaboration at the lab, former State official David Asher, now a senior fellow at the Hudson Institute think tank, told the Daily Caller News Foundation.

By 2017, the French “were kicked out” of the lab and cooperation ceased, leading French officials to warn the State Department that they had grave concerns as to Chinese motivations, according to Asher.

The State Department alleged in January 2021, at the end of the Trump administration, that the Wuhan lab had engaged in classified research on behalf of the Chinese military since at least 2017.

The State Department did not respond to the Daily Caller News Foundation’s request for comment.

On Thursday, China said it would not allow the World Health Organization to inspect the lab further. China has blocked the WHO from accessing important records at the lab. (RELATED: China Rejects WHO Plan To Investigate The Origins Of COVID-19)

“The Chinese basically sucked State into its honey pot operation to gain access to U.S. technology, knowledge, and material support. Classic. Just as they have done in every sector,” Asher said.

Between October 2009 and May 2019, the U.S. Agency for International Development provided $1.1 million to the U.S.-based EcoHealth Alliance for a sub-agreement with the Wuhan Institute of Virology, according to USAID. EcoHealth Alliance also received funding from the Department of Defense’s Defense Threat Reduction Agency that was subcontracted to the Wuhan lab, New York magazine reported. National Institutes of Health grants to EcoHealth Alliance totaling $600,000 between 2014 and 2019 were subcontracted to the Wuhan Institute of Virology.

The NIH, Defense Department and USAID should have stopped sending U.S. federal funding to the Wuhan lab back when the French warned the State Department in 2015, Asher said.

State Department officials “in charge of nonproliferation should have shut down all cooperation,” he added. 

The Wuhan Institute of Virology, which is at the center of speculation that COVID-19 may have originated from a lab accident, was initiated in 2004 as a joint project between France and China.

La façade du laboratoire P4 Jean Mérieux est photographiee le 27 février 2008 à Lyon. Des chercheurs manipulent des virus dans le laboratoire P4 Jean Mérieux le 27 février 2008 à Lyon. La dénomination P4 (Pathogène de classe 4) fait référence à des micro-organismes pathogènes faisant encourir des risques mortels au personnel qui les manipule. Ces agents de classe 4 sont donc caractérisés par leur haute dangerosité, l'absence de vaccin protecteur, l'absence de traitement médical, et la transmission possible par aérosols. Les principaux agents de classe 4 sont des virus générant soit des fièvres hémorragiques: Ebola, Lassa, Marburg, Congo-Crimée, soit des maladies infectieuses à haut pouvoir de dissémination, et à haut taux de mortalité par exemple la variole. Le laboratoire P4 " Jean Mérieux " est donc un centre d'études et de recherches classé NSB4 : il répond au double impératif de préserver les chercheurs contre tous les risques d'infections et d'assurer une protection totale de l'environnement. C'est un laboratoire en dépression par rapport au milieu extérieur afin que les agents infectieux ne puissent pas "s'échapper", l'air rejeté est filtré, et, à l'intérieur, le personnel se déplace dans des combinaisons semblables à celles utilisées dans l'industrie nucléaire. Actuellement il existe moins de 10 laboratoires de ce type au monde, la plupart étant situés aux USA. The P4 Jean Merieux laboratory building is taken in picture on February 27, 2008 in Lyon. The name P4 (Pathogen Class 4) refers to pathogenic microorganisms which incur a fatal risks to staff who handles it. These agents Class 4 are characterised by their high danger, the absence of a protective vaccine or medical treatment, and their aerosols transmission possible. Currently there are fewer than 10 such laboratories in the world, most of which are located in the USA. AFP PHOTO / JEAN-PHILIPPE KSIAZEK (Photo by Jean-Philippe KSIAZEK / AFP) (Photo by JEAN-PHILIPPE KSIAZEK/AFP via Getty Images)

The Jean Mérieux Laboratory in Lyon, France. (Photo by Jean-Philippe Ksiazek/AFP via Getty Images)

France provided the lab’s design, biosafety training, and much of its technology.

The French envisioned the Wuhan institute as an open and transparent lab that would serve the global scientific community in studying potential pandemics, according to a State Department cable in April 2018, citing a Wuhan-based French consulate official who worked on science and technology cooperation with China. (RELATED: US Group Connected To Wuhan Lab Is Stonewalling Congressional Investigation Of Pandemic Origins, Committee Ranking Member Says)

While top French politicians supported the collaboration, French security and defense experts did not, the French newspaper Le Figaro reported.

National security officials did not want to share sensitive technology with an oppressive country that was not an ally and they feared the lab could one day be transformed into a “biological arsenal,” according to Le Figaro.

As early as 2009, the U.S. State Department, then under former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, expressed concerns about the Wuhan lab, asking what France knew of how China planned to “vet incoming foreign researchers” and avoid technology transfer to countries of biological weapons proliferation concern, according to emails released by WikiLeaks.

The project took more than a decade to complete, and in February 2017, high-level French and Chinese officials held a ceremony to mark the lab’s accreditation.

Then-French Prime Minister Bernard Cazeneuve said at the time that it was a celebration of Franco-Chinese scientific cooperation.

To support the China-French project, France would make its technical expertise available to China to support the continuous improvement of the laboratory’s quality and safety, Cazeneuve added.

It would also budget 1 million euros per year for five years, he said.

That would fund about 50 French scientists to help train the Chinese lab workers, the director of Inserm, a French public research organization that helped set up the Wuhan lab, told the French magazine Science & Sante in May 2017.

However, little by little, the laboratory completely escaped the control of the French scientists who were, according to an agreement between Paris and Beijing, to supervise the work of the Chinese researchers in Wuhan, according to Le Figaro. The fifty French researchers who were to work in the lab for five years never left, the newspaper reported.

In January 2018, a State Department cable warned of a lack of highly trained technicians to operate the lab in a cable first reported by The Washington Post.

The U.S. officials who had visited the lab and made the warning via the cable were not permitted to return, because they were asking “too many questions,” according to Asher.

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